World-renowned, Bordeaux wines are the largest vineyard and one of the most prestigious in France. Even if most of the wines are red ones, it gives out all types of wines, and Chez Greg is ready to advise you in your choices.
This vineyard is located in Gironde. It appeared in the 1st century but it really rises in the 12th century, because of the marriage between Aliénor d’Aquitaine and Henri Plantagenêt in 1152, who was to be the next king of England. This alliance contributed to develop exchanges with Great Britain. The claret, light red wine, became famous at that time. The wine-growers also kept a privilege until French revolution : they could export their wines before the North of the country, what contributed to the reputation of the area.
We usually distinguish four main grape varieties : for red wines, merlot and cabernets ; for white wines, sémillon and sauvignon. Unlike Bourgogne and Alsace, most of Bordeaux wines are assembled from two to five varieties.
90% of the vineyard are represented by red varieties, and the most important area is for merlot. Well known for its red wines to age, they are usually raised in barrels, sometimes for two years – but the method is the same for white ones. New wood proportion and heating are the key to determine the wine style.
Médoc : red wines kingdom, it offers some of the most prestigious wines in the world. The first grape varieties are the cabernet-sauvignon. The most famous wines come from Saint-Estèphe, Pauillac, Saint-Julien, Listrac-Médoc, Moulis-en-Médoc and Margaux.
Graves : appeared during Antiquity, it is the historical vineyard from Bordeaux. All of the wines are red and white Pessac-Léognan. The biggest white dry wines come from there.
Sweet wines : next to the Ciron, tributary to Garonne, a microclimate favours noble rot which produces sweet wines. The most famous wines come from Sauternais, especially Château d’Yqem.
Libournais : the first grape variety is merlot, and most of the wines are red ones. Let us quote the Saint-Emilion and Saint-Emilion grand cru, or Pomerol with the famous Petrus.
And others, like Entre-deux-Mers, Blayais and Bourgeais.
Some mythic Châteaux :
Château Haut-Brion (Pessac-léognan)
Château Lafite-Rotschlid (Pauillac)
Château Latour (Pauillac)
Château Mouton Rotschlid (Pauillac)
Château d’Yqem (Sauternes)