What a Bourgogne wine ?

Chez Greg suggests you to discover this splendid wine-producing region

History

Bourgogne is a historic vineyard, one of the oldest in France, shaped in the Middle Ages by monks. If it occupies only 3 % of lands planted in France, it is the richest in labels of origin. Pinot noir and Chardonnay reign in masters there. It is the extreme diversity of the microclimates and terroirs, called in the region “climates”, and not that of grape variety, that determines the immense variety of wines of this vineyard.

Styles of wines and grape variety

Bourgogne produces essentially dry, white, red wines and much more rarely, rosés, as well as sparkling, elaborate ones according to the traditional method, Crémants-de-Bourgogne. Most of wines are from two grape variety : Chardonnay (white wines) and Pinot noir (red wines). Before buying a Bourgogne wine, it is necessary to take into account three requirements: the talent of the wine grower, the quality of the vintage wine and the specificity of terroir.

Bourgogne grape varieties

Three main vines of Bourgogne are well known: two red vines, Pinot noir and Gamay, and a white grape variety, Chardonnay. If the Pinot noir and Chardonnay are present all over the world, Gamay is enough little planted, safe in Loire valley. Other grape varieties, aligoté and sauvignon, are much less spread: aligoté doesn’t exist outside of Bourgogne, Sauvignon is almost only to Saint Bris.

Pinot noir: it is a difficult grape variety to cultivate, delicate, which is here in north end of its culture, as in Champagne or in Jura.

Gamay: this grape variety has bad reputation because of its excess big productivity. It is true that, badly led, it can give clear, diluted and insipid wines, where only carbonic maceration allows to clear some rare aromas.

Chardonnay: it likes particularly on limestones, abundant in Bourgogne. It can vary enormously in his aromas, following the wine making, the ageing and terroir.

Aligoté: simple and rustic grape variety, it is rather intended to produce wines of thirst, thirst-quenching, but little complex.

Sauvignon: present in a anecdotal way, in Yonne in particular, this grape variety native of Loire, used also in Bordelais, produces famous aromatic whites in Saint-Bris.